vCLI: Managing Hosts

As I want to get deeper into VMware CLI (vCLI) I decided to make a summary of the vSphere Command-Line Interface Installation and Scripting Guide. Every chapter will be a separate blog post.
This summary is meant for my documentation but feel free to make use of it.

In this blog post: Managing Hosts

reboot, shutdown a host
shutdown hosts in maintenance mode
vicfg-hostops [connect options] –operation shutdown

shutdown hosts not in maintenance mode
vicfg-hostops [connect options] –operation shutdown –force

shutdown hosts in cluser or datacenter
vicfg-hostops [connect options] –operation shutdown –cluster [clustername] vicfg-hostops [connect options] –operation shutdown –datacenter [datacentername]

Reboot hosts
Change the operation shutdown into reboot

Maintenance Mode
Entering Maintenance Mode
vicfg-hostops –operation enter (–cluser or –datacenter)

Check Maintenance Mode
Entering Maintenance Mode
vicfg-hostops –operation check

Exiting Maintenance Mode
vicfg-hostops –operation exit

Backup Configuration (host has to be in maintenanc mode)
Backup configuration information
vicfg-cfgbackup [connection options] -s /tmp/esxi-backup.txt

Restore configuration information
vicfg-cfgbackup [connection options] -l /tmp/esxi-backup.txt

Restore factory settings
vicfg-cfgbackup [connection options] -r

Host updates
which bulletins are installed
vihostupdate [connection options] –query

Which bulletins are available in the bundle
vihostupdate [connection options] –list –bundle https://webserver/bundle.zip

Which bulletions in the bundle are applicable to your host
vihostupdate [connection options] –scan –bundle https://webserver/bundle.zip

Install all or some bulletins from the bundle on your host
vihostupdate [connection options] –install –bundle https://webserver/bundle.zip,https://webserver2/budle2.zip

Make use of a metadata file
vihostupdate [connection options] –list –metadata https://webserver/metadata.zip

Install all bulletions using a metadata file
vihostupdate [connection options] –install –metadata https://webserver/metadata.zip

Install some bulletins using a metadata file
vihostupdate [connection options] –list –metadata https://webserver/metadata.zip –bulletin bulletin1,bulletin2

Removing a bulletin from a host (not vmware patches or updates)
vihostupdate [connection options] –remove –bulletin bulletin1

Active Directory Configuartion

  • Make sure time is synchronized between ESXi host and AD Server
  • ESX host is pingable from AD Server by DNS name
  • AD server is pinable form ESX host by DNS name

vicfg-authconfig –server=[ESX server ip adress] –username=[ESX server admin name] –password=
–authschema AD –hoindomain [ad domain name] –adusername=[AD admnistration name] –adpassword=

Check authentication
vicfg-authconfig –list

About Michael
Michael Wilmsen is a VMware training/consultant (no specific order) with more than 15 years in the IT industry. Main focus is VMware vSphere, Horizon View and Site Recovery Manager with a deepdive to performance. Michael is VCDX 210, VCAP 4/5 certified, has been rewarded with the vExpert title from 2011, is a PernixPro, Nutanix Tech Champion and a Nutanix Platform Professional.

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