Multiple 1G or 10G in your data center?

The last couple of weeks I had the same discussion with a 3 different customers: Are we going to use multiple 1G (in a LACP or not) connections to the core switch of 2 10G connections?

When designing a VMware vSphere environment including a storage design, this is one of the first questions that pop-up.

As always the truth is in the middle, both solutions have there pro’s and con’s.

But first, let me clear something that you all probably know. 10 x 1G connections to your core switch isn’t the same as 1 x 10G connection to your core switch. Usally I use the following example for a customer to explain the difference.

You can compare 10 x 1G connections to a high way with 10 lanes where every car (packet) can drive at the speed of 1G. So the maximum throughput per session is no more than the speed of that lane. So in this case 1G. Every vSphere host has 1 connections on the high-way where he can place car’s on the road. The advantage is that if you have more vSphere hosts, you can add more cars on the road at the same time.

If you have a 10G connection (or in many cases 2 x 10G because you want to be redundant)  you have on lane on the high-way where all the cares can drive at the speed of 10G. Because the car’s can drive at a higher speed, there is more room on the high-way to place car on. Even when you configure a LACP (which is available with a distributed switch from version 5) you cannot get a higher session speed than 1G.

10G is especially nice when you have a NFS or iSCSI storage solution. Not that most storage solution use the whole 2 x 10G (hence most cannot fully utilize 1 10G connection) but the session between your vSphere hosts and storage solution is more than 1G.

This is in my opinion the most important reason why you  want 10G in you data center. That you can have more than a 1G connection per session.

In the past the price for a 10G solution was a bit of a issue. Now a day’s you can have a redundant 10G L3 core switches from vendors like HP and Cisco under 15K SFP’s and cabling included.

Another pro is the cabling in your rack. You have a cleaner rack who is easier to administer when you have only 2 cables per hosts than 6 or 8 cables per host. Less cables means that your core switch can do with less ports,  resulting in a smaller switch. Of course this switch has to handle a lot of traffic, but rack space is also important nowadays.

So resume. If you have the budget, I would go for 10G. Not that we’re going to use to full 10G but we sure want to use more than 1G. You have to talk to your budget and stack holders what the best solution is for your design.



About Michael
Michael Wilmsen is a experienced VMware Architect with more than 20 years in the IT industry. Main focus is VMware vSphere, Horizon View and Hyper Converged with a deep interest into performance and architecture. Michael is VCDX 210 certified, has been rewarded with the vExpert title from 2011, Nutanix Tech Champion and a Nutanix Platform Professional.

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